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Author: Elizabeth Quigley-Loria
Subject: Map Creation
Course: Social Studies
Title: Neighborhood Map
Length of Lesson: Four 50-minute sessions
Power Macintosh G3 computer
TV monitor or projection system
The Neighborhood Map Machine
Social Studies textbook:
Communities and Their Needs
(Silver Burdett & Ginn, 1988)
Standards-Based Outcomes (MDE):
Content Standard V, 1: All students will acquire information from books, maps, newspapers, data sets, and other sources, organize and present the information in maps, graphs, charts, and timelines, interpret the meaning and significance of information, and use a variety of electronic technologies to assist in accessing and managing information. (Information Processing)
3. Organize information to make and interpret simple maps of their local surroundings and simple graphs and tables of social data drawn from their experience.
The students must have basic computer knowledge. They need to know how to turn on the computer, find and initiate a program, and use a mouse.
1. With the use of the Social Studies textbook (pages 24-25), the teacher explains the following terms:
Map- a special kind of picture
Symbol- a picture that represents real places
Key- an area of the map which holds the symbols
2. The concept of the directions north, south, east, and west is taught in reference to major cross streets in the students' neighborhood: east- Kelly Road, west- Gratiot Avenue, south- Toepfer Street, north- Nine Mile Road. The teacher also uses the textbook (pages 30-31).
3. The compass rose is related to and demonstrated on an actual compass. Additional discussion includes the importance of compasses when hiking and signs of directions in nature such as the location of the North Star in the sky. Also included is the observation that occasionally senior citizens have compasses on the dashboards of their cars.
Best Shot Instruction:
1. Urban Planners- people who are responsible for planning new cities and suburbs. They plan the location of every building that will be built in the city including homes, gasoline stations, stores, and restaurants.
2. Traffic Reporters- people who discuss the amount of traffic and accidents which occur while people drive to and from work each day. If this reporter is on television, he/she will have a large map projected behind him/her with the location of the roads and cities.
3. Police Officers- The officers use maps to locate accident or crime scenes within a city. The maps allow them to get to the people who need help as soon as possible.
4. Firefighters- The firefighters use maps to locate burning buildings. Using a map allows them to reach the fire as quickly as possible.
Reteaching and Enrichment:
The teacher uses the same process as in the initial instruction. The class makes a map of a city such as Detroit. In this map, symbols for the highways, zoo, museum, baseball stadium, large apartment buildings, large office buildings, hockey arena, and People Mover are included.
Review and Closure: