Strand II
Reflect on the Nature, Adequacy, and Connections Across Scientific Knowledge


Science/Strand II
Content Standard 1
All students will analyze claims for their scientific merit and explain how scientists decide what constitutes scientific knowledge; how science is related to other ways of knowing; how science and technology affect our society; and how people of diverse cultures have contributed to and influenced developments in science. (Reflecting on Scientific Knowledge)


Science/Strand II/Content Standard 1
Middle School


Science/Strand II/Content Standard 1/Middle School
Benchmark 3
Show how common themes of science, mathematics, and technology apply in real-world contexts.

Benchmark Clarification

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the interdisciplinary links between math, science and technology by exploring careers and using every day objects. These disciplines integrate common thematic ideas such as:

  • Systems: a collection of parts that function as a whole
  • Model/Scale: a simplified proportional representation
  • Patterns of Change: natural or mathematical repetitions
  • Function: how an object works; its purpose
  • Evolution: the present arises from materials and forms of the past; change over time
  • Scale: a reference to a quality that is both relative and absolute and to the ranges of magnitude in the universe which include such dimensions as size, duration, and speed
  • Energy: the capacity to work or the ability to make matter move

Key Concept / Real World Context / Resources


Science/Strand II/Content Standard 1/Middle School/Benchmark 3
Key Concept
Thematic ideas: systems-subsystems, feedback models, mathematical constancy, scale, conservation, structure, function, adaptation.


Science/Strand II/Content Standard 1/Middle School/Benchmark 3
Real World Context
Any in the sections on Using Scientific Knowledge


Science/Strand II/Content Standard 1/Middle School/Benchmark 3