Strand II
Reflect on the Nature, Adequacy, and Connections Across Scientific Knowledge


Science/Strand II
Content Standard 1
All students will analyze claims for their scientific merit and explain how scientists decide what constitutes scientific knowledge; how science is related to other ways of knowing; how science and technology affect our society; and how people of diverse cultures have contributed to and influenced developments in science. (Reflecting on Scientific Knowledge)


Science/Strand II/Content Standard 1
Middle School


Science/Strand II/Content Standard 1/Middle School
Benchmark 2
Describe limitations in personal knowledge.

Benchmark Clarification

Students will recognize that they must have multiple resources and conduct multiple trials/tests before making claims, arguments or accepting data.

Students must be willing to admit inaccuracies and mistakes, as well as determine differences in data that are significant enough to support or refute claims.

Key Concept / Real World Context / Resources


Science/Strand II/Content Standard 1/Middle School/Benchmark 2
Key Concept
Recognizing degrees of confidence in ideas or knowledge from different sources, evaluating data and reference sources.


Science/Strand II/Content Standard 1/Middle School/Benchmark 2
Real World Context
Any sections on Using Scientific Knowledge


Science/Strand II/Content Standard 1/Middle School/Benchmark 2