Constructing Benchmarks

Benchmark 1
Generate reasonable questions about the world based on observation.

Benchmark Clarification

Students make observations that lead to questions that can be answered through the process of scientific investigation (e.g.“Why does the moon appear to change shape?”)

Key Concept
Questions lead to action, including careful observation and testing: questions often begin with “What happens if?” or “How do these two things differ?”

Benchmark 2
Develop solutions to problems through reasoning, observation, and investigation.

Benchmark Clarification

An organized approach to a problem promotes a reasonable solution. Students will develop an approach to a problem using reasoning, observations, data collection, and investigations to arrive at a solution.

Key Concept

* Ask questions, gather information, think; observe (K-2)
* Predict, collect data, draw conclusions, conduct fair tests; prior knowledge. (3-5)

Benchmark 6
Construct charts and graphs and prepare summaries of observations.

Benchmark Clarification
Scientists use charts and graphs to visually represent their findings. Students will construct various graphs and charts to present their data. Students will prepare summaries of their observations.

Key Concept

* Increase
* Decrease
* No change
* Bar graph
* Data table

* Graph paper
* Rulers
* Crayons

Real World Context
Examples of bar charts like those found in a newspaper