Science
Strand III
Use Scientific Knowledge from the Life Sciences in Real-World Contexts

 

Science/Strand III
Content Standard 2
All students will use classification systems to describe groups of living things; compare and contrast differences in the life cycles of living things; investigate and explain how living things obtain and use energy; and analyze how parts of living things are adapted to carry out specific functions. (Organization of Living Things)

 

Science/Strand III/Content Standard 2
High School

 

Science/Strand III/Content Standard 2/High School
Benchmark 5
Describe technology used in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and explain its function in terms of human body processes.

Benchmark Clarification

Technology is used to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases.

Students will:

  • Identify the types of technology used to maintain health in individuals
  • Identify the types of technology used to maintain health in a community
  • Assess how technology is used to improve the health of individuals
  • Analyze the body’s response to medical interventions such as organ transplants, medicines, and inoculations

Key Concept / Real World Context / Instructional Example / Assessment Example / Resources

 

Science/Strand III/Content Standard 2/High School/Benchmark 5
Key Concept
Available technologies:

  • sanitation
  • adequate food and water supplies
  • inoculation
  • antibodies
  • biochemistry
  • medicines
  • organ transplants

See Ultrasound/x-ray (SCI.IV.4.HS.4)

 

Science/Strand III/Content Standard 2/High School/Benchmark 5
Real World Context
Common contexts for these technologies:

  • health maintenance and disease prevention activities:
    • exercise
    • controlled diets
  • health monitoring activities:
    • various screening tests for cancer such as pap smear, mammogram, psa, colonoscopy

 

Science/Strand III/Content Standard 2/High School/Benchmark 5
Instructional Example

Benchmark Question: What technology is used in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases?

Focus Question: What activities and technologies support a healthy lifestyle?

Each pair of students will research what is meant by good health, using the library and/or the web. As a class, describe a healthy lifestyle. Based on this information, each student will develop two lists of health maintenance and disease prevention activities: without technology and with technology.

Examples of lifestyle activities:

  • Exercise program — heart monitor, exercise equipment, walking
  • Diets — cholesterol screening, food supplements, genetically altered food, organic food
  • Other life choices — skin care (sunscreen), moisturizer, face lift, liposuction
  • Medical evaluations — blood pressure screening, glucose monitor, dental check-ups

Students will present their findings to the class. As a class, students will rank/order these activities from the most important to the least important.

Each student will write a plan to maintain a healthy lifestyle that includes activities and technologies that he or she will use.

Constructing: (SCI.I.1.HS.4), (SCI.I.1.HS.5).

Reflecting: (SCI.II.1.HS.3), (SCI.II.1.HS.5).

 

Science/Strand III/Content Standard 2/High School/Benchmark 5
Assessment Example

The teacher will present the following scenario to the class:

You are a physician’s assistant. Identify the condition of a patient who needs to change an unhealthy lifestyle. Make a list to be given to the patient of at least three healthy behaviors and their benefits. Also, include any technology that could be used by the patient or practitioner to promote this healthy lifestyle.

Working with a partner, pairs of students will write a dialogue between the patient and the physician’s assistant. This dialogue must include an explanation of at least three healthy behaviors, their benefits, and the technology that would be used.

(Give students rubric before activity.)

Scoring Rubric

Criteria

Apprentice

Basic

Meets

Exceeds

Completeness of list

Identifies condition and zero to one healthy behaviors with appropriate technology.

Identifies condition and two healthy behaviors with appropriate technology.

Identifies condition and three healthy behaviors with appropriate technology.

Identifies condition and four or more healthy behaviors with appropriate technology.

Completeness of dialogue

Conversation is incomplete and/or not believable.

Conversation has main ideas but no details. It is not quite believable.

Conversation has main ideas and some details. It is believable.

Conversation has main ideas, many details, and is very believable.

 

Science/Strand III/Content Standard 2/High School/Benchmark 5
Resources

Webliography.
http://mtn.merit.edu/mcf/SCI.III.2.HS.5.html

Health maintenance.
http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu/texts/gcps/

Health maintenance.
http://www.looksmart.com/eus1/eus65300/eus65303/eus77824/eus541028/eus54861/eus54928/eus70180/r?l&