Physical Science Benchmarks
[Constructing and Reflecting] [Matter & Energy] [Changes in Matter] [Motions of Objects] [Waves & Vibrations]
UNIT BENCHMARKS
What do you want students to:
know, do, be like?
SUGGESTED ASSESSMENTS
How will you know if benchmarks have been achieved?
POSSIBLE RESOURCES
What possible instructional resources
could be used?
What topics should be taught?
Matter & Energy: Labs & Activities

Multimedia:

  • Multimedia Here

Print Material:

  • Print Material Here

Field Trips:

IRC Activities: Check calendar frequently for new events.


Units of Practice:

  • Conservation of Energy / Roll Your Marble Activity (chapter 5)
  • Discovering Magnetism (Chapter 22)
  • Graph Analysis of Motion
  • Molecular Motion MATTERs (chapter 8)
  • Adopt an Element (chapter 10)

Web Links

IV.1.HS.1 Analyze properties of common household and agricultural materials in terms of risk/benefit balance.
2nd semester

Students will:

  • Evaluate the benefits of common household or agricultural materials by using a risk/benefit analysis that utilizes these criteria
IV.1.HS.2 Identify properties of common families of elements.
2nd semester

Students will:

  • Describe the common physical properties of common families/columns of the periodic table
  • Recognize the characteristics and general categories/ families of elements:
IV.1.HS.3 Explain how elements differ, in terms of the structural parts and electrical charges of atoms.
2nd semester

Students will:

  • Illustrate that elements differ in their atomic structure
IV.1.HS.4 Explain how current is controlled in simple series and parallel circuits.
2nd semester

Students will:

  • Construct simple series circuits and parallel circuits using wires, bulbs, motors, switches, and batteries
  • Explain how fuses and circuit breakers act as safety switches
IV.1.HS.5 Describe how electric currents can be produced by interacting wires and magnets, and explain applications of this principle.
2nd semester

Students will:

  • Explain how a wire moving through a magnetic field creates an electric current in the wire
  • Understand the relationships between electricity and magnestism and its application in motors and generators.
Changes in Matter:
IV.2.HS.1 Explain chemical changes in terms of the breaking of bonds and the rearrangement of atoms to form new substances.
2nd semester

Students will:

  • Describe chemical changes as groups of atoms rearranging to form different substances
  • Balance chemical reactions
  • Recognize that reaction rates can be increased by increasing temperature, surface area, and/or concentration
IV.2.HS.2 Explain why mass is conserved in physical and chemical changes.
2nd semester

Students will:

  • Recognize that the mass before and after physical and chemical changes is equal
  • Explain how the number and kinds of atoms before the changes are the same as after the changes
IV.2.HS.3 Contrast nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, and natural radioactivity.
2nd semester
Students will:
  • Compare and contrast nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, and natural radioactivity.
IV.2.HS.4 Describe energy transformations involved in physical, chemical and nuclear changes, and contrast their relative magnitudes.
1st semester

Students will

  • Compare the amount of energy associated with nuclear, chemical and physical changes
  • Recognize that nuclear changes involve the greatest amount of energy
IV.2.HS.5 Explain changes in matter and energy involving heat transfer.
1st semester

Students will:

  • Explain that heat energy flows from a warmer region to a cooler region using conduction, convection & radiation
Motions of Objects:
IV.3.HS.1 Analyze patterns of force and motion in the operation of complex machines.
1st semester

Students will:

  • Explain how machines change the direction, amount, and distance through which a force acts
IV.3.HS.2 Explain energy conversions in moving objects and machines.
1st semester

Students will:

  • Analyze the types of energy conversions taking place in a machine
  • Calculate the efficiency of a machine
Waves & Vibrations:
IV.4.HS.1 Relate characteristics of sounds that we hear to properties of sound waves.
2nd semester

Students will:

  • Describe and compare sound waves in terms of frequency, amplitude, wavelength, and velocity
IV.4.HS.2 Explain how we see colors of objects.
2nd semester

Students will:

  • Explain that colors differ as a result of wavelengths of light
  • Explain how light interacts with objects(reflection, absorption, and refraction)
IV.4.HS.3 Describe waves in terms of their properties
2nd semester

Students will:

  • Explain that waves transfer energy from one place to another
  • Describe the properties of waves
  • Recognize the units used to measure wave properties
IV.4.HS.4 Describe different types of waves and their technological applications.
2nd semester

Students will:

  • Describe mechanical waves
  • Classify the components of the electromagnetic spectrum
  • Recognize that the amount of energy transferred determines the use of a wave
  • Identify examples and applications of mechanical and electromagnetic waves
Committee Members: Ray Jones (rj4), Greg Mandziara (gm9), Jayme Pfannes (jh12) and James Schoettle (js48)

Last Revised: Mon, May 10, 2004