Science
Strand V
Use Scientific Knowledge from the Earth and Space Sciences in Real-World Contexts

 

Science/Strand V
Content Standard 2
All students will describe the characteristics of water and demonstrate where water is found on Earth; describe how water moves; and analyze the interaction of human activities with the hydrosphere. (Hydrosphere)

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 2
Elementary

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 2/Elementary
Benchmark 3
Identify sources of water and its uses.

Benchmark Clarification

Water comes from different places such as wells, springs, the Great Lakes, and rivers. Water has many uses such as:

  • household uses (e.g., drinking, cleaning, food preparation)
  • public uses (e.g., to generate electricity or for recreation, irrigation, transportation, industry, farming)

Students will:

  • Identify various sources of water
  • Identify uses of water

Key Concept / Real World Context / Instructional Example / Assessment Example / Resources

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 2/Elementary/Benchmark 3
Key Concept
Water sources:

  • wells
  • springs
  • Great Lakes
  • rivers

Household uses:

  • drinking
  • cleaning
  • food preparation

Public uses:

  • generate electricity
  • recreation
  • irrigation
  • transportation
  • industry

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 2/Elementary/Benchmark 3
Real World Context
Examples of local sources of drinking water:

  • wells
  • rivers
  • lakes

Examples of local water usage:

  • car wash
  • swimming
  • fire hydrants
  • drinking
  • food preparation
  • cleaning
  • watering lawn
  • bathing
  • fishing
  • boating
  • shipping on Great Lakes

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 2/Elementary/Benchmark 3
Instructional Example

Benchmark Question: How do human activities interact with the hydrosphere?

Focus Question: How is water used in your community?

The teacher will pose the focus question.

Students then will brainstorm uses of water in their community. While brainstorming, students will discover that water is used for many purposes in their community. They will use a variety of resource materials to estimate how much water is used in their community. Some possible resources include resource people, interviews, field trips, and media materials. Students will compile the results of their research in a graph and will share the results of their research with an audience.

Constructing: (SCI.I.1.E.2), (SCI.I.1.E.5).

Reflecting: (SCI.II.1.E.1).

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 2/Elementary/Benchmark 3
Assessment Example

Students may choose to work alone, with a partner, or in a small group to create a project describing at least three uses of water in their community. This project may take the form of a report, poem, short story, photo essay, or multimedia presentation.

Extension: These projects could ultimately be combined to produce a classroom book or performance for the community.

(Give students rubric before activity.)

Scoring Rubric

Criteria

Apprentice

Basic

Meets

Exceeds

Correctness of concepts

Creates a project that reflects an understanding of one use of water in the community.

Creates a project that reflects an understanding of two uses of water in the community.

Creates a project that reflects an understanding of three uses of water in the community.

Creates a project that reflects an understanding of more than three uses of water in the community, including the source of the water.

Quality of project

Poor quality.

Average quality.

Above average quality.

Excellent quality.

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 2/Elementary/Benchmark 3
Resources

Webliography.
http://mtn.merit.edu/mcf/SCI.V.2.E.3.html

Water Use Poster.
http://water.usgs.gov/outreach/poster1/images/OutReach1.jpg

Water Poster Explanation for Elementary Schools.
http://water.usgs.gov/outreach/poster1/grade_school/Page1.html

How we use Water Water Poster.
http://water.usgs.gov/outreach/poster3/images/OutReach3.jpg

Wastewater use Explanation for Elementary Schools.
http://water.usgs.gov/outreach/poster3/grade_school/Page1.html

Water use in the United States.
http://www.epa.gov/students/clean_water_basics.htm

Cole, Joanna. Magic School Bus- At The Waterworks. Scholastic, 1998.