Science
Strand V
Use Scientific Knowledge from the Earth and Space Sciences in Real-World Contexts

 

Science/Strand V
Content Standard 4
All students will compare and contrast our planet and Sun to other planets and star systems; describe and explain how objects in the solar system move; explain scientific theories as to the origin of the solar system; and explain how we learn about the universe. (Solar System, Galaxy, and Universe)

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 4
Elementary

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 4/Elementary
Benchmark 1
Compare and contrast characteristics of the Sun, Moon, and Earth.

Benchmark Clarification

Within our solar system, the Sun, Moon, and Earth have similarities and differences. These similarities and differences can be observed and measured. Similarities and differences include size, shape, location, and capable of producing their own light.

Teacher Note: Earth produces its own geothermal heat but the production site is within the mantle and core so light isnÕt visible. Jupiter, a gaseous giant and perhaps a failed star produces its own heat but again not within the visible portion of the spectrum. It is enough for students at this level need to know that planets are capable of producing their own light. Many students in college incorrectly believe that the moon phases are produced through clouds or through its own power. Stress that the only way the moon or earth can be seen is through the sunÕs illumination.

Students will:

  • Compare the similarities among the Sun, Moon, and Earth
  • Contrast the differences among the Sun, Moon, and Earth

Key Concept / Real World Context / Instructional Example / Assessment Example / Resources

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 4/Elementary/Benchmark 1
Key Concept

  • planet
  • star
  • sphere
  • space
  • solar system
  • larger/smaller
  • closer/further
  • solid/gaseous
  • heat
  • light

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 4/Elementary/Benchmark 1
Real World Context
Observations of the Moon, Earth, and safe observations of the Sun.

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 4/Elementary/Benchmark 1
Instructional Example

Benchmark Question: Compare and contrast characteristics of the Sun, Moon, and Earth.

Focus Question: How are the Sun, Moon, and Earth alike and different?

The teacher will pose the focus question.

Chart

Size

Shape

Location

Capable of producing its own light?

Star?
Planet?

SUN

 

 

 

 

 

MOON

 

 

 

 

 

EARTH

 

 

 

 

 

Students will be divided into three groups. Each group will be given a set of books dealing with one of the following: the Sun, the Moon, or the Earth.

Each group will present to the class a description of their topic including the size, shape, location, and the production of heat and light. Students will take notes on each presentation.

Students will work in small groups and create a three-sided mobile that contains characteristics of the Sun, Moon, and Earth. One side each will be for the Sun, Moon, and Earth. The students will attach the information on the correct side of the mobile. After constructing the mobile, students will present their projects to the class.

The teacher should correct misconceptions during the discussion of presentations; students should correct their three-sided mobiles.

Constructing: (SCI.I.1.E.1).

Reflecting: (SCI.II.1E.2), (SCI.II.1.E.4).

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 4/Elementary/Benchmark 1
Assessment Example

Students will use the information from their notes to complete a Venn diagram that compares and contrasts the Sun, Moon, and Earth.

(Give students rubric before activity.)

Scoring Rubric

Criteria

Apprentice

Basic

Meets

Exceeds

Correctness of similarities (of Sun, Moon, and Earth)

Few similarities are correct.

Some similarities are correct.

Many similarities are correct.

All similarities are correct.

Correctness of differences (of Sun, Moon, and Earth)

Few differences are correct.

Some differences are correct.

Many differences are correct.

All differences are correct.

Correctness of labels

Few labels are correct.

Some labels are correct.

Many labels are correct.

All labels are correct.

 

Science/Strand V/Content Standard 4/Elementary/Benchmark 1
Resources

Webliography.
http://mtn.merit.edu/mcf/SCI.V.4.E.1.html

Branley, Franklin. What Makes Day & Night? Franklin, 1986.

Cole, Joanna. Magic School Bus- Lost in the Solar System. Scholastic, 1990.

Fowler, Allan. Energy From The Sun. ROOKIE READ- ABOUT SERIES. ChildrenÕs Press, 1998.

Nicholson, Cynthia. Earth. STARTING WITH SPACE SERIES. Kids Can Press, 1997.

Stott, Carole. I Wonder Why Stars Twinkle & Other Questions About Space. Kingfisher, 1997.

Van Cleave, Janice. Janice Van CleaveÕs Solar System. Wiley, 2000.